The pearly white smile of celebrities and models is something we all desire. From teeth whitening toothpaste to chewing gums, there is a range of products in the market that promise to turn your teeth blindingly luminous.
Before trying out every product available in the market, one should know the factors that are responsible for stained teeth. There are a number of different elements that can discolor your teeth. We can divide then into three basic categories: intrinsic, extrinsic and discoloration due to age and other factors. Here is how these affect your teeth and how you can save your teeth from these factors and gift yourself a bright, confident smile.
Extrinsic tooth discoloration: Extrinsic tooth discoloration occurs on the outer layer of the teeth called the enamel. Despite being as hard as bone, enamel can easily be stained. These stains are a result of the colors, chemicals and acidic content present in the things we enjoy having. Some of the biggest enemies of your teeth whiteness are red wine, coffee, tomato sauces as well as some fruits such as berries, grapes, and pomegranates. They stick to your teeth for very long and wear away the enamel, causing stains.
Drink plenty of water after having such things. Try to consume these things in moderation. Brush your teeth after meals, twice a day.
Intrinsic tooth discoloration: Intrinsic tooth discoloration occurs within the tooth when the inside structure of the tooth called the dentin begins to develop a dark or yellow tint. Numerous medications can cause intrinsic stains. It is likely to occur in kids, if children are taking strong antibiotics while their teeth are still developing, their teeth may turn brownish-yellow. It can also damage the developing permanent tooth beneath it.
A rare medical condition called dentin genesis imperfect can also be the reason; people born with this syndrome can cause dark, grey or purple discoloration.
Some other medications like blood pressure medications or albuterol can also cause yellow teeth sometimes.
Additional Causes: Other than stains, smoking, chewing tobacco, genetics, health and old age can also be the reason of discoloration or teeth turning yellow.
Smoking and other tobacco can lead to teeth discoloration as well as many other gum diseases. If affects the soft tissues of your teeth and can do irreparable damage.
Age-related discoloration can be a combination of both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Enamel on the outside of teeth wears away as we get older that makes the yellow pigment of the dentin visible.